|ALLERGY AND ASTHMA IN THE SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES
Honey bees leave a characteristic sting apparatus embedded in the skin
after the bee flies away. It contains a venom sac and muscles that pump
venom into the skin. The sting apparatus delivers the entire content of
venom within two minutes of sting implantation, so rapid removal from
the skin can reduce venom delivery - use a sideways scrape and don't
squeeze. A bee stings only once, because of the barbed stinger.
Africanized bees do not deliver more venom than European honey bees
and their venom is not more potent.
Arizona Health Sciences Center Photos, with the
assistance of Justin Schmidt PhD
Schumacher MJ, Tveten MS, Egen NB: Rate and quantity of delivery of venom
from honey bee stings. J Allergy Clin Immunol 93:831-5,
Schumacher MJ, Schmidt JO, Egen NB, Dillon KA: Quantity, analysis and
lethality of European and Africanized honey bee venoms. Am J Trop Med Hyg